Do you speak Yakut?

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(This video will instantly make your day 10000% better. I promise.)


Don’t panic- it’s just the Yakut word for привет. 🙂

Here’s the good news: knowing Russian gives you a massive advantage with many other cool languages. You’ve got a great head start with Bulgarian and Ukrainian. Even Polish and Czech will have some recognizable bits.

Here’s the bad news: Yakut is not one of the those languages. While it is spoken in Russia, it’s a Turkic language. Here’s an interesting video: Similarities Between Turkish and Yakut. But knowing Russian won’t help you decode Yakut. Take a look…

When looking at this Yakut magazine last night, I asked D to read it out loud. Or rather, try to read it out loud, since it didn’t make any sense to him either. We did discover an awesome new letter: Ҕ, the 5 letter. (Russian learners may already know the 10 letter, Ю, and the 61 letter, Ы. Or was it just my Russian 101 class that used those terms?) The Yakut alphabet also includes beauties like ҤӨДь, and Һ.

I don’t speak any Yakut, but I know a little about the place where it’s spoken.

In 2006, I signed up for a Russian language exchange program at my university. Cities like St. Petersburg and Yekaterinburg weren’t partnered with our school… but the city of Yakutsk was. I hardly spoke any Russian, I had no idea where/what Yakutsk was, but how could anyone turn down a shot at Yakutsk State University? No way! Odin, a red-headed Alaskan who is almost 6’5” and as mystical as his name, also signed up to go to Yakutsk.

Google didn’t have much info on Yakutsk in those days, so instead the university arranged a meeting in the student pub with a student who had gone to Yakutsk years before. His take on Yakutsk was vague; he mentioned diamond mining and getting his heart broken. I found some pictures of the city on the internet, showing a place half-swallowed by mud. Lonely Planet offered this description: “It’s a lot of money to pay for bad food, physical discomfort, and a few small museums.” 

Yakutsk is what you think of when you imagine Siberia. The average January temperature is -45F (-42C). Restaurants serve horse meat. I tasted raw reindeer liver and fermented mare’s milk. The local permafrost museum is a big draw. We were invited to local shamanic ceremonies, where people were impressed by Odin’s red hair and build. (His hair color and height also won him an invitation to play Genghis Khan in a local production. Not historically accurate, but the director must have been going for shock value.)

Traveling south in the middle of winter, Odin and I crammed into a marshrutka with another eight people for a 14-hour drive on top of frozen rivers, stopping occasionally to pee on the side of the road. It was -30 F (-34 C). There was nothing to pee behind at one stop- only a flat, infinite landscape of snowdrifts- so us women held our fur coats wide while other women crouched behind us. If you’re curious about life in Yakutsk, I’ll share some links with you at the end of the post.

Because I had been living in the Alaskan interior, a harsh winter wasn’t a shock. What was a shock was… well, remember the “not speaking Yakut” part? The university had sent us off on a language exchange program without a single hint of which language and culture it would be. Yakut language and culture are thriving!!! Yakutsk State University offered classes like The History of Yakutia and Yakut Culture and Ethnography. Lectures included other native peoples of region, like the Эвенки, the Чукчи, and the Юкагир as well as endless details on items like the чорон and the хомус. We were even encouraged to enroll in Yakut language lessons. (In comparison: Only now the Alaskan university system is starting to prioritize teaching native Alaskan languages and cultures.)

I didn’t sign up for any Yakut lessons. Odin did, though, and quickly picked up the basics of the language. The only Yakut I learned came from Odin, but I’m not sure it’s honest Yakut. Our Russian language teacher looked down on Yakut language and culture quite a bit. She also looked down on all the students she taught. The first thing she ever said to us- “Ugh, мне не нравиться американцы.” Her usual response to anything that Chen (an overly-eager, permanently-smiling Chinese student) said in class was a hostile “Чэн, кто говорит по-русски лучше? Ты или я?” To get back at her, Odin would sometimes use Yakut words in the classroom. Бахибо and бохалуйста were supposedly Yakut versions of спасибо and пожалуйста and they would really set her off. (Or maybe we just sounded silly, who knows.)

Would you like to try your hand at some real Yakut?

Биир, икки, ус, туэрт, биэс. That’s один, два, три, четыре, пять.

Мин аатым Катя means Меня зовут Катя.

Махтал is спасибо.

Хайдах олороҕут? Махтал, үчүгэй. is Как дела? Спасибо, хорошо.

For more, take a look at this short list of Yakut / Russian phrases. (Notice it’s labeled Sakha / Russian. Yakutsk is the capital of the Sakha Republic.) If grammar is your thing, here’s all the Yakut grammar you could ever dream of.

More real Yakut: here’s a singer called Куннэй, singing a beautiful song called Ыл туойуох сэгэриэм.

The video at the beginning of this post- хоту уолаттара (Парни севера)– is by ZLOI MAMBET, who also became famous for this parody of this Timati song. The Siberian Times has a great article on how that video was filmed.

There’s another cool song by ZLOI MAMBET, ункуулээ буппэккэ, that will give you a peek at winter in Yakutsk.

One reason I think that Yakut is so interesting now is because it’s still completely inaccessible to most people.

The year is 2017.

The internet blankets the world.

Google Translate features more than 100 languages.

Yet searching for “learn Yakut” brings up nothing. There’s not a single dedicated resource in English for learning Yakut. Only this lonely Duolinguo thread and a small cache of recorded phrases on Omniglot.

Let’s say you come across маҕаһыыҥҥа.

Маҕаһыыҥҥа. WHAT? Seriously, how can you figure out what that means? You’d have to track down a native speaker. There is no shortcut, no machine translation, no googling of “Что значит маҕаһыыҥҥа?” or “What does маҕаһыыҥҥа mean?”

By the way, маҕаһыыҥҥа means в магазине. I found just two more resources- Учим якутский язык and Я люблю якутский язык– for learning the language. One of them covered phrases for маҕаһыыҥҥа.

Language aside, what stands out from my time in Yakutsk is the total fascination with beauty contests and modeling. You may have heard the recent story of “Siberian Snow White.” Perhaps you’ve also heard of Polina Protodyakonova, a Yakut model working in Los Angeles. Yakutsk has many, many, many more hopefuls. Every time my friend sends a magazine from Yakutsk, it always has several pages like this:

Russia Beyond The Headlines explores the reasons for this in a post titled Why beauty contests are so popular in Yakutsk.

It’s pretty cool how strong and present Yakut culture is, even if we don’t see many images of it in the West. Each Yakutia magazine has a sense of pride stamped into its pages.

A few more pictures, just for fun:

PS: Here are two posts from once-upon-a-time in Yakutsk: Remembering Siberia + Pictures from the Trans-Siberian

What do you know about Yakutsk and Siberia?

Are you interested in learning Yakut?

2020 update: Here’s a neat 10-minute video from a native Sakha speaker! 🙂 And a SUPER HELPFUL online Yakut phrasebook!

2022 update: An entire YouTube channel about learning Sakha from a native speaker! 😀 Also cool: How similar are Tatar and Sakha/Yakut languages?

16 Responses

  1. Natalie K.
    | Reply

    OMG, Katya, this is so cool. Now I actually want to learn Yakut! That is so amazing you got to study in Yakutsk. My university had partnerships with schools in St. Petersburg and Moscow, which I think is pretty usual.

    P.S. The numbers you posted are almost exactly the same as they are in Turkish! Except Turkish isn’t written in Cyrillic, of course.

    • Katherine
      | Reply

      Glad you enjoyed the read, Natalie! That would be awesome if you started learning it 🙂 🙂 Let me know if you want a language exchange partner to practice with. I can ask my friend to help find someone who speaks the language.

      By the way, here is the university’s site if you ever want to look into visiting: (Now they even have this crazy cool new program: Diamond Studies. “The education program Diamonds Studies is designed for 1 semester. It includes eight special courses and classes in Russian and Yakut / Even languages.”)

      Whoa, I hadn’t realized those letters were so close to Turkish. Previously, Yakut was written using the latin alphabet, so maybe those words were identical at that point?

      • Mikhail

        The reason actually that Yakut is also a Turkic language. So Turkish and Yakut are (to some extent) closely related.

    • Katherine
      | Reply

      Mikhail, I see that you’re no slouch when it comes to languages! 😉 How is the Chinese going?

    • Vissarion Gotovtsev
      | Reply

      Hello. I’m the Yakut speaker writing…

      • Katherine

        Дорообо Vissarion! It’s very nice to meet you here. 🙂

      • David

        Hello Vissarion. Hope you don’t mind a random stranger asking this, but I’m currently trying to contact Yakut / Sakha speakers to help with a project to create materials for English speakers (or non-Russian speakers in general) to learn the language. Might you be interested in taking part?

        I’ve taken the liberty of messaging you a ‘question’ on Quora as well, just in case you check that more regularly.

  2. Bebertfr
    | Reply

    I learn Yakut and I’m French.
    It is not very difficult if we had many resources available. My only one way is this French book called Parlons sakha I bought lately. But it is a good start.
    It is available in Amazon site. 🙂

    • Katherine
      | Reply

      Dorobo 🙂 That’s really cool! Are you planning on traveling to the Sakha Republic?

    • London
      | Reply

      I used that book too and one other but neither book is in English. Which is fine if you are not English speaker, but even then they seemed a bit limited and not suitable for being the only way to have contact with the language, in my humble opinion. I would gladly pay a Yakut tutor or teacher to teach me online. If anyone knows anyone please let me know! : )

      • SH

        Do you know Russian? Or do you have to have a tutor who speaks English well?
        I’m a native English speaker living in Yakutsk. There are very few native speakers of Sakha that have experience in tutoring foreigners (esp those who don’t speak Russian). It all depends on your needs and desires, of course. Many native speakers of Sakha aren’t familiar with talking about the grammar of the Sakha language, even in their own language or Russian. Like many native speakers of English would have a hard time teaching grammar to someone else. I do know a Sakha guy who teaches English via Skype, but he has little experience in teaching Sakha.
        As of a while back, people studying to become teachers of Sakha studied in a different institution from those studying to become teachers of English. I don’t know if that is still the case.
        There are many many more resources available now than there were when I arrived here in 2002, but still very few in English. My recommendation for an English textbook if you don’t know Russian would be John R. Krueger’s 1962 “Yakut Manual” available from the Mongolian Society for $30. He basically translated to English and reorganized the Russian “Самоучитель якутского языка” written by Л.Н. Харитонов long ago. I have a copy of the Russian 1969 edition published in 1987. Vocabulary relates to village life in Soviet times, but I really like the structure of the (Russian) textbook. Each lesson has vocab, a text, questions about the text, grammar needed for the lesson, and a translation exercise. The Russian text does not have an answer key, Krueger’s version does. Krueger took the grammar notes out of the lessons and put the grammar in its own section. Unfortunately he didn’t use Cyrillic letters when discussing grammar, he used a system of phonemic transcription. When I came here (in 2002) Krueger was almost all I had so I had to figure it out, but now you can get some grammar info in English and much more in Russian on wikipedia and probably other web sites.

      • Katherine

        Wow, SH! In Yakutsk since 2002…I’m super curious about your life there!

  3. […] She also included, as usual, a beautiful card written in Yakut. (If you’re interested in the Yakut language, you can read more about it here: Do you speak Yakut?) […]

  4. Kelvin Davis
    | Reply

    How interesting! It’s also really cool to see that Yakut culture is still going strong, which is sadly not the case for many ethnic minorities in Russia today. I’d really like to go to Yakutia one day (not looking forward to the bitter cold, though).

  5. Amirali
    | Reply

    Turkic tribes are a larg group of russia people.many of them in cyberia and also caucasus.also in central part of russia.

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